Grammar Check

Berikut adalah pembetulan bagi senarai kesalahan bahasa yang kerap dilakukan para pelajar dalam penulisan karangan dan e-mel.

Kami terima bahawa sesetengah penjelasan kami mungkin tidak sependapat dengan beberapa orang pakar tatabahasa Melayu. Perbezaan pendapat ini berpunca daripada sifat bahasa itu sendiri yang sering berubah dan berkembang mengikut penggunaannya dalam pertuturan mengikut suasana formal dan tidak formal dalam kalangan masyarakat Melayu.

Justeru, kami memilih penjelasan yang disepakati pada pendapat kami oleh kebanyakan guru Bahasa Melayu yang mengajar di sekolah menengah di Singapura. Di samping itu, kami juga mempertimbangkan hanya kesalahan bahasa yang umum dan memberikan penjelasan penggunaan yang asas dan mudah difahami serta diingat oleh para pelajar.

Pastinya, kami akan menambahkan lagi senarai ini dari masa ke semasa.

A pronoun replaces a noun. However, students must be conscious of which noun it replaces. For this, the noun must be mentioned first in the same or preceding sentence. A pronoun cannot exist without a noun mentioned earlier.

Aku & Engkau or Kau
These pronouns indicate (a) closeness between characters, (b) characters with rough backgrounds, (c) between male characters, or (d) getting personal (to God in prayers). For example, between male classmates, male or female gang members, neighbours, colleagues and between one with God in prayers.

Saya & Awak
These pronouns indicate (a) politeness or (b) distance between characters. For example, between female classmates, and male & female classmates.

Saya or Gelaran Lain & Kamu
These pronouns indicate (a) a difference in status or (b) one has a duty of care over the other. For example, between a teacher and a student.

Saya & Tuan or Puan
These pronouns indicate a civil servant interacting with a member of the public. For example, a police officer, an immigration officer, or a doctor with a member of the public,

Saya & Encik or Gelaran Lain (like Doktor)
These pronouns indicate a member of the public interacting with a civil servant. For example, a member of the public with a police officer, an immigration officer, or a doctor.

Ibu, Ayah, Kakak or Abang & Nama Watak
These pronouns indicate (a) an older member interacting with a younger member in a family.

For example, these statements (in oral) or sentences (in email, descriptive and expository writings):

  • Sebagai rakyat Singapura yang baik, kami/kita harus sentiasa berusaha menjadi masyarakat yang patuh mengikut peraturan negara.

The correct use is ‘kita‘ because the statement/sentence also includes the audience/reader of your writing as they too are Singaporeans..

  • Sebagai pelajar, kami/kita harus sentiasa mematuhi peraturan sekolah.

The correct use is ‘kami‘ because the statement /sentence does not include the audience/reader as they are not necessarily students.

Now, let us look at these sentences in narrative writing in a reported speech and dialogue:

  • Kami/kita berjalan berjingkit-jingkit kerana tidak mahu didengari orang ramai yang sedang nyenyak tidur.

The correct use is ‘kami‘ because the sentence only includes you and the story characters.

  • “Ibu, bukankah sebagai sebuah keluarga kami/kita harus saling bantu-membantu?” aku mengingatkan ibu yang tidak mahu campur tangan dalam masalahku.

This dialogue has an audience and the audience is the Ibu. Thus, the correct use is ‘kita‘ because the sentence includes the audience.