Many students struggle to write good expository writing because they lack content and good writing technique. To teach students good expository writing technique is difficult if they do not have content. And so to help students with some content is a necessary first step to help them work on mastery our expository writing technique.
This week we commemorate Total Defence Day and what better theme to write an expository writing other than that on Total Defence. As an educator I notice that many students do not realize how close they are to building self-capacity for Total Defence through their engagement in school. One of these areas in through CCA, in particular the uniform groups. And such the video above can help students realize this as well as learn expository writing technique if it is used in teaching.
A possible expository essay question can be as follows:
Penglibatan pelajar dalam kegiatan kokurikulum pasukan berseragam dapat membina keupayaan mereka untuk menyumbang kepada pertahanan negara.
So how to use this video?
First I would have students collect as many vocabulary they can find that is related to the theme Total Defence from watching the video. Next they will pool together these vocabulary and work on translating them into Malay together through the use of Kamus Pro Online Dictionary.
Next, students will work on writing the different paragraphs for all the three segments in our expository essay structure. The structure and samples of expository essays can be found in our Contoh Karangan Untuk Persiapan Peringkat O and N books. Teachers and students who have access to these books will benefit from this post sharing.
Using the book as a guide, student would have enough resources from the video to choose to write either permulaan jenis suasana or permulaan jenis perbincangan for the Bahagian Pengenalan.
Students can then work on familiarising themselves with the P.E.E.L technique for the four content paragraphs in the Bahagian Utama. They can choose to focus on four out of the five uniform groups highlighted in the video for each of the four content paragraphs. I would insist that students use the different penanda wacana used in the expository essay samples found in the books for the different elements (Point, Elaborate, Example & Link Back) in the P.E.E.L technique for each paragraph.
In addition to that, I would insist that students write 6-8 sentences for each content paragraph – Point:1 sentence; Elaborate: 2-3 sentences; Example: 3-4 sentences; and Link Back: 1 sentence. This will give the expository essay good optics. Optics is achieved when all the paragraphs in an expository essay are of the same length. Optics is important because it provides balance for the overall expository essay and gives the impression that the student have explored equally enough for all the content paragraphs.
The video will provide enough resources for student to reflect for rumusan, cadangan, harapan and pendirian penulis, elements needed in the Bahagian Penutup.
Good luck! I hope you find this sharing useful.
Here is a well-written essay by Farah Nadhira on this topic after the above lesson was carried out in her Sec 4 Normal Academic class.